2012 documentary detailing the process of fracking and it's harmful effects across North America
Retired EPA engineer Wes Wilson and retired Bureau of Reclamation official Phil Doe were invited to Colorado Springs to share their knowledge about drilling and hydraulic fracturing (also called fracking). Public interest was so great not everyone wishing to attend could be accommodated, so we're sharing video of the event here. This is Part two of four parts. This video is courtesy of GrowthBusters.
-Abafundi beGeography (Cebisa, Nqobani, Latha)
Umsebenzi wokuqhumisa amadwala angaphansi komhlaba ngenhloso yokumoma igesi kusetshenziswa izigidi eziphindiwe zamalitha amanzi.
• Kubholwa umthombo olinganiselwa emakhilomitheni amahlanu(5km) ukushona namakhilomitha amathathu (3km)ububanzi.
• Amanzi alinganiselwa ezigidini ezimbili kuya kweziyisishiyagalomblili zamalitha ahlanganiswa nesihlabathi kanye namakhemikhali ayingozi abesefakwa kule mithombo ngaphansi kwenkulu ingcindezi.
• Le ngcindezi eqhamuka esihlabathini sihlangene namakhemikhali igcina ivule imifantu emadwaleni bese amadwala adedela igesi.
Ikuthinta ngani wena qobolwakho i-Fracking?
Uthi bewazi nje? Ukuthi izwe laseNingizimu Afrika lifuna ukuvumela izinkampani zangaphandle njenge Rhino Oil ukuba zizokwenza i-Fracking endaweni yakho, kusetshenziswe namanzi akho?
Uyazi ukuthi lokhu kungachazani kuwe?
Indawo yakho enokuthula, ehlanzekile, enamanzi ahlanzekile, enomoya ohlanzekile, umhlabathi ovundile kanye nemfuyo yakho, konke lokhu kungaphenduka umlando kuwe kanye nesizukulwane sakho.
Ubungozi bamakhemikhali asetshenziswa kwi-Fracking
Amakhemikhali asetshenziswa uma kwenziwa i-fracking afana ne Arsenic, Benzene,Randon Methane,ne-Chloride anobungozi obuthusayo, obufana nalobu:
• Angabanga umdlavuza wamaphaphu kanye nowezinso.
• Amanzi angcoliswe ikhemikhali u-Methane angabanga isifo sohudo.
• Indawo lapho okade kwenziwa khona i-Fracking isala ilugwadule
• Amakhemikhali angcolisa amanzi angaphansi komhlaba nalawo asemhlabeni
• Lokhu kudala ukuthi amanzi angabe esakwazi ukuphinde asebenziseke
• Awasaphuzeki, akusetshaleki ngawo, imfuyo ayisakwazi ukuwaphuza ngale kwalokho iyafa
• Nomhlaba angeke usalimeka emveni kokusebenza kwale mboni
Uhulumeni unethemba futhi uthembisa ngokwanda kwamathuba omsebenzi kanye nokuthuthuka komnotho wezokumbiwa phansi okuzolethwa yile mboni!
Nokho, khumbula ukuthi izinkampani ezenza lokhu kumanje zixoshiwe emazweni azo anjengeMelika ngakho asikwazi ukulindela usizo kubantu abafana nalabo.
Yini ongayenza wena?
Nawe ungafaka isandla ekulekeleleni ukulwisana nale mboni.
• Thola ulwazi oluthe xaxa mayelana nalolu hlelo
• Xoxela omakhelwane kanye nomphakathi wonke
• Yenza isiqiniseko sokuthi umbiko uyasabalala nakwabanye abakude nawe
• Landelela kabanzi ngokuqhubekayo mayelana nezinhlelo
We are upset. Communities throughout South Africa are upset. We are highly upset by the audacity of big gas and oil firms. These big gas and oil firms keep on bulldozing their way. They bulldoze through our country, they bulldoze on shorelines, they bulldoze off-shore, they bulldozed their agenda during recent community meetings and now they want to bulldoze their way through parliament on Thursday. They think we will sell off our heritage to their greed. We have said NO and when we say NO again, they will probably get bribed legal governmental support to force their way onto our land.
We are tired of being forced by others. We have a legacy of being pushed around by others. History shows us that around the globe these big oil firms take what they want, when they want, and will then leave behind a scorched and incurable environment for our children, and our children’s children. They are criminals! They take what they want. They smile all the way to the bank. They leave us to attempt to clean up the mess of an unrecoverable environment after they have left. It is just like the aggression of the Apartheid system.
Soon, their trucks will be roaring through our villages and pristine environment. Our country will be changed forever. The land will be stripped. Then the drilling will start. They will drill holes wherever they choose. They will set off explosives deep underground and disturb the rock structures. We don’t know what it will do to the foundations of our houses or to our springs and water aquifers. None seem to care. We have no say. Then they will take 8 million litres of water (our water) per drill hole (65 000 people’s daily water consumption). They will mix it with 200 000 litres of 700 different chemicals per drill hole, which include radioactive and carcinogenic chemicals and will then force it into these pits on our land. These drill holes are quickly exhausted, therefore they will drill new ones on a regular basis. They will declare all these pits safe and then claim the contamination is not their fault, and therefore they cannot be sued. They don’t have any long term studies on the subject.
Then they extract their gas or oil and walk out… leaving us with the mess of polluted water and unstable ground under our homes. Avner Vengosh, a professor of geochemistry at Duke University, told Bloomberg News that at the pace and intensity of drilling now, combined with the huge amount of wastewater, we are actually building up a legacy of radioactivity in hundreds of points where people are exposed to leaks and spills around the country. How will we be able to do our washing and also walk many kilometres every morning to fetch water from an unpolluted stream?
The nerve of these big firms like Rhino Oil who just bulldoze their own way through the land of our ancestors, with neither respect to the Nkosi’s or the King! Now they want to poison our water and our wells. We have attended their so-called ‘community meetings’ and they nearly always end in a fiasco. The communities throughout South Africa have said a great NO! Some even said they will stone the trucks and put up road blocks! But, typical of big firms, they just carry on bulldozing! And now they want to bulldoze their way through parliament on Thursday as well! They are on their way to take our water resources and colonise us again. To add to this great atrocity, rumours are spreading that some individuals in parliament have accepted bribes. Let those in parliament who give licences for fracking activities have the first fracking well in their own backyard! Let them cope with the water shortages and all those big trucks going up and down over their grass! Let them show us how to sort out the methane polluted water first!
We unanimously cry, “Get off our land!” Go back to Texas where you have been kicked out!
To whom it may concern
RE: Rhino ‘Trash’ and ‘Spoil' Application for Exploration Rights – Invitation for Public Comment
The answer is still no and it’s not going to change! In fact we consider it an insult that Rhino Gas and Oil
believes that returning to the table with a slightly amended and well-dressed proposition will so easily pull
the wool over our eyes.
Whilst we may be accustomed to such tactics being employed by politicians, we have become a bit wiser
over the past few decades, and we are not going to fall for this weak effort to convince us to agree with
their plans to destroy our land and environment.
When Rhino Gas first started meetings with the public, they told us that they would be moving ‘elephants
which eat a lot of trees’ into our area. They initially proposed that there would be a much larger exploration
area and showed little concern for areas protected by environmental legislation, or for the concerns and
wishes of the public who live in the areas where they propose exploring and mining. They now return to us
telling us that they will now only be moving ‘baby elephants who don’t eat as much’ into the area, and that
‘unlike other elephants, these elephants are in fact pink’. A slightly reduced exploration area and a gesture
of consideration for the environment, and now we should welcome them with open arms!
We don’t want any ‘elephants’ at all! The first time the public was consulted we were in disagreement with
any and all aspects of plans to mine our areas. The answer remains no and we are tired of having to keep
giving the same answer to the same question time and again! No to Rhino Gas and Oil, and no to mining in
our areas! What does it matter if drilling has been excluded from early stage exploration? Drilling will take
place at a later stage of course. Are we really supposed to be distracted by the focus made on remote
exploration techniques and be blinded to the fact that sooner or later there will be holes full of chemicals
dotted across our land?
Please, don’t waste your time or ours with environmental assessments and other formalities. We are not
going to stand for this! Just because some of us have other responsibilities to attend to and are not able to
attend every meeting you keep hosting, does not mean that opposition to your proposals has in any way
declined. It is a long way to travel just to say no, when we have already said no so many times before! Will
you just keep hosting these meetings in the hope that one day we will change our minds?
We do not believe that the aims or agenda of Rhino Gas and Oil have changed at all. We believe that this
is their best effort to deceive us and to get a foot in the door, after which they will continue with what they
have been planning all along. We are tired of being ignored. We are tired of being insulted in this way. We
are tired of Rhino Gas and Oil!
Who can hear our cry for help? Our inheritance from our fathers is in grave danger and we seem to be knocking at closed doors. Our very homeland is on the verge of destruction. A death sentence has been pronounced over it. We mourn. We want to rise up and fight but we do not know who our enemies are. These enemies do not plan to use bombs and weapons to destroy us, but they plan to annihilate us by touching the land where we plant and reap, where the cattle graze and where we have clean water to drink and irrigate our crops. Various communities are getting upset.
We fear that this enemy may have been mistakenly voted into government. How is it possible for a man to sign away our homeland for hard cash?
Howick is home to Mandela and our heritage. Ulundi is home to the Zulu kingdom, our ancestral heritage and a long line of kings. Our hearts are pained. Is our government unable to halt these oil seekers who will bring their trucks and machinery right into our communities with their labour force? We fear they will use our young girls and leave babies behind - more mouths needing water and food. Halt their coming!
We do not want them to drill holes into the earth using millions of litres of our precious water. We do not want them to poison and contaminate our water supplies. We do not want our children to contract diseases from the contaminated water.
Use of this technology cracks the earth's crust and makes it unstable. Houses may collapse into holes that suddenly and unexpectedly appear due to the underground drilling? Please stop these money makers!
It is difficult to believe that a man voted in by the people can be so heartless as to sell his own people and their heritage to total strangers from Texas. How can anybody whom we trustingly voted into power turn so viciously on us, and give companies such as Rhino Oil the concession rights to destroy our land? This oil company does not care about our future. It will destroy our land and without our permission.
South Africans of all races are upset and angry. We have tried to maintain peace between Rhino Oil and the people at the community meetings held by the company but we have grown tired. Our arms are tired of holding up the walls of our nation’s house and its heritage. It is now the government’s turn to fight this battle on our behalf, protecting our heritage and the legacy of our kings and leaders.
Is there not someone who could help us and intervene on our behalf? We love the land we inherited from our fathers. The land feeds us and gives us security and a place to stay. Is there still a sober minded person in government who could speak on our behalf and fight our cause? Where are all those Zulu people in government?
If we knew who played such a dirty trick on us and gave companies such as Rhino Oil permission to destroy our inheritance, we certainly would not be so foolish as to vote for him again.
Nkosi sikelel' iAfrika
Maluphakanyisw' uphondo lwayo,
Yizwa imithandazo yethu,
Nkosi sikelela, thina lusapho lwayo.
Morena boloka setjhaba sa heso,
O fedise dintwa le matshwenyeho,
O se boloke, O se boloke setjhaba sa heso,
Setjhaba sa South Afrika – South Afrika.
Uit die blou van onse hemel,
Uit die diepte van ons see,
Oor ons ewige gebergtes,
Waar die kranse antwoord gee,
Sounds the call to come together,
And united we shall stand,
Let us live and strive for freedom,
In South Africa our land.
Our hearts are very sore.