• Krokodil

    Desomorphine, better known by its street name Krokodil, is around 8-10 times more potent than morphine with a powerful, fast-acting sedative high akin to that of heroin.
    This extremely addictive, injectable opioid is named, in part, because users report black or green scaly skin as a side effect – the flesh then starts to "harden, rot, and fall off," often in chunks. Addicts will usually die within two years of first use.
  • Tik (Crystal Meth)

    "Tik" is the South African street name for crystal methamphetamine.
    It has a very bad reputation in South Africa because it is more potent than other forms of meth and because it is so easily available. It started off as the drug of choice in poor communities because of its affordability, but has since spread to other levels of society.
  • Heroin (Whoonga/Nyaope)

    Heroin is an opioid drug that is synthesized from morphine, a naturally occurring substance extracted from the seed pod of the Asian opium poppy plant. Heroin usually appears as a white or brown powder or as a black sticky substance, known as “black tar heroin.”
    South Africa is currently experiencing an epedemic of heroin abuse in the form of cheap heroin nicknamed "whoonga", "nayaope" or "sugars".
  • Buttons (Mandrax)

    South Africa is the largest abuser of Mandrax in the world.
    Statistics show that Mandrax with Dagga is still the drug of preference in the largest parts of South Africa. Mandrax is mainly sold in the form of a tablet and is highly addictive.
  • Ecstasy

    Ecstasy is a synthetic, psychoactive drug that has similarities to both the stimulant amphetamine and the hallucinogen mescaline. It produces feelings of increased energy, euphoria, emotional warmth and empathy toward others, and distortions in sensory and time perception.
    Mixed with alcohol, Ecstasy is extremely dangerous and can, in fact, be deadly. So widespread has been the harm of this “designer drug,” that emergency room incidents skyrocketed by more than 1,200% after Ecstasy became the “club drug” of choice at all-night “rave” parties and dance clubs.
  • LSD

    Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD) (popular street name "Acid") - is the strongest and most popular hallucinogenic substance known.
    LSD users call an LSD experience a “trip,” typically lasting twelve hours or so. When things go wrong, which often happens, it is called a “bad trip,” another name for a living hell.
  • Prescription Medication

    Abuse of prescription drugs can be even riskier than the abuse of illegally manufactured drugs. The high potency of some of the synthetic (man-made) drugs available as prescription drugs creates a high overdose risk.
    The consequences of prescription drug abuse have been steadily worsening, reflected in increased treatment admissions, emergency room visits, and overdose deaths.
  • Alcohol

    Alcohol affects every organ in the drinker's body and can damage a developing fetus.
    Intoxication can impair brain function and motor skills; heavy use can increase risk of certain cancers, stroke, and liver disease.
  • Dagga

    By no means a "safe" or "soft" drug as is so often claimed.
    In some ways, the effect on a user's mental health for example, dagga can be more dangerous than heroin.
  • Tobacco

    Tobacco use is one of the leading causes of preventable illness and death. It causes many different cancers as well as chronic lung diseases such as emphysema and bronchitis, heart disease, pregnancy-related problems, and many other serious health problems.
    Each day, more than 3,200 people under 18 smoke their first cigarette, and approximately 2,100 youth and young adults become daily smokers.
  • Cocaine

    Extracted from coca leaves, cocaine was originally developed as a painkiller. It is most often sniffed, with the powder absorbed into the bloodstream through the nasal tissues. It can also be ingested or rubbed into the gums.
    Cocaine is one of the most dangerous drugs known to man. Once a person begins taking the drug, it has proven almost impossible to become free of its grip physically and mentally.
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Friday, 13 October 2017 14:56

United States – Medical Examiners Resign as Overdose Deaths Escalate

With 64000 overdose deaths in the United States last year, death resulting from drug overdose is now the leading cause of death amongst Americans under the age of 50 years.

This figure is a 22% increase from the number of overdose deaths recorded in the previous year, and the nation currently finds itself in the grips of the worst drug epidemic in its history.


So common is the occurrence of death by overdose that is has had the effect of reducing the overall age of life expectancy in the United States!


With routine autopsies to confirm cause of death taking roughly two hours each, medical examiners are finding themselves overwhelmed and many are leaving the profession.


“I’m not an alarmist by nature, but this is not overhyped. It has completely overwhelmed us,” said Dr. Thomas A. Andrew, who has worked as a chief forensic pathologist for the past 20 years.

This new wave of drug related deaths, is largely due to an increase in the abuse of synthetic opioids such as fentanyl and carfentanil (an elephant tranquilizer 10000 times more potent than morphine), which has now almost completely replaced the use of heroin in the United States.

Overdose deaths have multiplied ten times in some states since 2000. Mortuaries are now having to employ third-party service providers as they do not have sufficient space to store the corpses of those who have died, while they struggle with the backlog of autopsies that must be performed.

Records reveal that drug users in their 20s and 30s are increasingly dying of heart-valve infections. These ages are young for such infections and experts say that these cases are the result of addicts having used dirty needles.


In a sharp career turn, Dr. Thomas has now left his profession and is entering a seminary programme to pursue a divinity degree. He then plans to minister to young people in an effort to warn them of the dangers of drug abuse.

“After seeing thousands of sudden, unexpected or violent deaths,” Dr. Andrew said, “I have found it impossible not to ponder the spiritual dimension of these events for both the deceased and especially those left behind.”

Dr. Andrew says he has developed an appreciation for the essence of life by seeing its fragility. Most of the nearly 5,800 people he has examined on his stainless steel autopsy table, he said, “woke the day they died oblivious to the fact that it would be their last on earth.”

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 Source: https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/07/us/drug-overdose-medical-examiner.html

 

Read 91 times Last modified on Sunday, 15 October 2017 12:28
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